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What is Gatsby?

Gatsby (sometimes referred to as Gatsby.js) is an open-source JavaScript framework for building static websites. The framework is based on React and uses GraphQL as its main way of fetching data.

Gatsby is built as a modular framework, meaning that there is a large ecosystem of plugins and themes which can be used to extend the functionality of the framework. Some examples of these plugins are:

- MDX plugin for displaying MDX content

- Sitemap plugin for generating a sitemap which is (primarily) read by search engines

- Material UI plugin for integrating the popular Material UI component library in Gatsby

In February 2023, Gatsby was acquired by the popular hosting platform Netlify. The acquisition was made to consolidate the Gatsby Cloud platform into Netlify's hosting platform, making it easier to deploy and host static sites built with Gatsby.

Gatsby features

Meta-framework features

Server-Side Rendering (SSR)

Static Site Generation (SSG)


API endpoints

Gatsby alternatives